636-3020/01 – Steel Materials for Automotive Industry (OMAP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Material EngineeringCredits6
Subject guarantorIng. Martin Kraus, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorIng. Martin Kraus, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2016/2017Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KRA58 Ing. Martin Kraus, Ph.D.
MAZ37 prof. Ing. Eva Mazancová, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

To give students information about different material types on iron base, which are used the most frequently in automotive industry, possibilities of treatment and control of final microstructure, resp. optimised properties and simultaneously to show physical heart of running internal processes during heat, resp. thermomechanical treatment of given steel types.

Teaching methods

Project work


In introduction, given subject is austenite transformation product-oriented, are mentioned effects of deformation and cooling processes, often from point of view of physic of metals. New information about different material types applied in automotive industry is presented, including production and heat treatment, resp. thermomechanical treatment and mechanical properties. Materials are divided into three developmental generations, including the HASS types.

Compulsory literature:

MAZANCOVÁ, E. Materials for exasting technical applications (chapter 1, 2 and 3). Ostrava: VŠB-TU Ostrava, 2013. Available from: https://www.fmmi.vsb.cz/cs/studenti/study-support/advanced-engineering-materials/index.html ROBINSON, L. Modernization of Existing Assets to Meet the Growing Demand for Advanced High-Strength Steels. Iron and Steel Technolgy. 2017, 14(2), 34-44. ISSN 1547-0423. DE MOOR, E., P.J. GIBBS, J.G. SPEER and D.K. MATLOK. Strategies for Third-Generation Advanced High-Strength Steel Development. Iron and Steel Technology. 2010, 7(3), 133-144. ISSN 1547-0423. MAZANCOVÁ, E. and K. MAZANEC. Physical Metallurgy of Thermo-Mechanical Treatment of Structural Steels. Cambridge: Cambridge Int. Sci. Publishing, 1997. ISBN 1898326436.

Recommended literature:

BHADESHIA, H.K.D.H. Bainite in Steels – Tansformations, Microstructure and Properties. London: Ins. of Materials, 1992. ISBN-10: 186125 1122. JI, F.Q., C.N. LI, S. TANG, Z.Y. LIU and G.D. WANG. Effect of Carbon and Niobium on Microstructure and Properties for Ti Bearing Steels. Material Science of Technology. 2015, 31(6), 695-702. ISSN 0267-0836. BATTACHARYIA, T., S.B. SINGH, S. DAS, A. HALDAR and D. BHATTAACHARRJEE. Development and Characterisation of C-Mn-Al-Si-Nb TRIP Aided Steel. Material Science of Engineering. 2011, 528A, 2394-2400. ISSN 09621-5093.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester


Other requirements

Bez dalších specifických požadavků.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Annealing and quenching process types, their goals, applications and impacts on final properties. Hardenability and possibilities of partial prediction of optimised quenching process – part 1. 2. Quenching and tempering, tempering types (including four stadiums of martensite tempering), aims of treatments and impact on final properties. Physically-metallurgical heart of temper brittleness and possibilities how avoid this - part 2. 3. Introduction of physics of metals. Physical heart of deformation bands twins and energy of stacking fault energy and their practical impact on ph ase transformation processes and matrix strengthening – part 1. 4. Physically-metallurgical heart of aging processes and their influence on strengthening development of matrix during deformation and on toughness – part 2. 5. Basic phase transformations products from point of view of structure formation. Phase types formed by diffusion processes – analysis of formation and impact on final materials properties for automotive industry – part 1. 6. Analysis of phase products formed by displacive(shear) mechanism, their influence on final properties (Widmanstätten ́s ferrite, acicular ferrite, banite types and martensite). Acicular ferrtite and bainite competition and possibilities of their formation control during materials production for automotive industry – part 2. 7. Occurrence and formation of granular bainite and its control in components, resp. material parts with different thickness. 8. Materials for automotive industry, chemical composition, properties, their production: LC, IF, IF-HS steel types. 9. Rephos, BH, HSLA and DP steel types - chemical composition, properties, possibilities of controlled treatments. 10. Steels of TRIP type – different variants of given material with respect to chemical composition, possibility of controlled thermo-mechanical treatment and properties. 11. Application of QP process in materials for automotive industry. Three generations of steels of AHSS type. 12. Martensitic and Hadfield ́s steel in automotive industry. 13. TWIP steel type – conditions of existence of given steel and its properties. 14. TRIPLEX steel type – conditions of existence of given steel, its properties and possibilities of utilization.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Examination Examination 100  51 3
Mandatory attendence participation:

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S01) Advanced engineering materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2020/2021 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S01) Advanced engineering materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2019/2020 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T034) Materials and Technologies for Automobile Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T034) Materials and Technologies for Automobile Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T034) Materials and Technologies for Automobile Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T034) Materials and Technologies for Automobile Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

2021/2022 Winter
2018/2019 Winter