636-3033/01 – Materials in Conventional Power Plants (MKEZ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Material EngineeringCredits6
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementOptional
Year1Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2020/2021Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
VOD37 prof. Ing. Vlastimil Vodárek, CSc.
MAS0021 Ing. Anastasia Volodarskaja, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+3
Part-time Credit and Examination 18+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Students will learn about structural materials which are used in various types of conventional power plants. They will be able to choose an appropriate structural material for the given loading pattern and parameters of working environment in individual types of power plants. They will be able to analyse and evaluate existing engineering solutions in the area of materials in conventional energy sources.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Seminars
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The course deals with modern structural materials which are used in conventional power plants: thermal power plants and heating plants, gas power plants, nuclear power plants. Students will learn about their chemical composition, heat treatment procedures, structure, properties and consequences of degradation processes taking place under conditions of their practical exploitation in various conventional energy sources. Results of evaluation of service failures of structural components are demonstrated on case studies.

Compulsory literature:

ABE, F., T. U. KERN a R. VISWANATHAN. Creep-resistant steels. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Ltd., 2011. ISBN 9781845694012 (e-book). SHIRZADI, A. a S. JACKSON, Eds. Structural alloys for power plants. Operational challenges and high temperature materials. London: Elsevier, Ltd., 2014. ISBN 978-0-85709-238-0.

Recommended literature:

WENG, Y., H. DONG a Y. GAN, Eds. Advanced steels. The recent scenario in steel science and technology, Berlin: Spinger Verlag, Metallurgical Industry Press, 2011. ISBN 978-3-642-17664-7.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Průběžné ověření studijních výsledků: prezenční forma studia - 2 písemné testy, 2 programy zpracované v průběhu semestru; kombinovaná forma studia - 2 programy zpracované v průběhu semestru. Závěrečné ověření studijních výsledků: prezenční i kombinovaná forma studia - písemná zkouška.

E-learning

Other requirements

There are no further requirements.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Basic structural components of conventional power plants: thermal power plants and heating plants, gas power plants and nuclear power plants. Trends of development of these energy sources. 2. Requirements on materials for important structural components of various energy sources. Basic structural materials: steels and nickel alloys, their classification. 3. Basic degradation mechanisms of materials under conditions of their applications in conventional energy sources: creep, low cycle fatigue, thermal embrittlement, corrosion, high temperature oxidation in steam, hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion cracking, cavitation, erosion, radiation damage. 4. Heat resistance of materials, evaluation of results of creep tests, exploitation of creep tests results at design of structural parts of conventional energy sources working in the creep regime. Interaction of creep and low cycle fatigue. 5. Plain carbon steels: chemical composition of most important steel grades, mechanical properties and structure in the as-received state, typical working parameters, the most important degradation mechanisms of carbon steels in conventional energy sources. 6. Low alloyed steels: chemical composition, the effect of heat treatment on structure and mechanical properties of these steels, typical working parameters, degradation mechanisms of low alloy steels. 7. Modern grades of modified 2.25CrMo(W) steels. The effect of heat treatment of T/P 23 and T/P 24 steels on structure evolution during quality heat treatment. The effect of service parameters on structural changes in these steels. Mechanical properties after quality heat treatment and their degradation during the long-term service at temperature of ca 550 °C. Homogeneous and heterogeneous welds and overlays. 8. Martensitic modified (9-12)%Cr steels: chemical composition of progressive steel grades, the effect of chemical composition on evolution of structure and mechanical properties during long-term exposure at temperature of ca 600 °C. 9. P/T 91 and P/T 92 steels: differences in constitution of steels, typical properties after quality heat treatment and after long term service, basic degradation mechanisms of these steels in various conventional energy sources, homogeneous and heterogeneous welds made of these steels, typical examples of applications of these steels in conventional power plants. 10. Modern heat resistant and refractory austenitic CrNi(Mo) steels for conventional energy sources, differences in constitution of these steels, typical mechanical properties after solution annealing, the effect of long-term service exposure in various conventional energy sources on structure and mechanical properties of these steels. 11. Basic characteristics of progressive austenitic steels grades: HR3C, 347 HFG and SUPER 304 H. Degradation mechanisms of these steels during long-term exposure at temperature of ca 650 °C. Homogeneous and heterogeneous welds and overlays. Typical examples of exploitation of these steels in conventional power plants. 12. Nickel alloys for conventional energy sources. Chemical composition, the effect of chemical composition on evolution of structure and mechanical properties during quality heat treatment, evolution of structure and mechanical properties under conditions of long-term exposure in various conventional energy sources. Homogeneous and heterogeneous welds and overlays. 13. Exploitation of structure parameters for evaluation of materials degradation in conventional energy sources. Tests for evaluation of local mechanical properties of exposed structural components. 14. Case studies of industrial failures of structural parts of conventional energy sources. Experiences with progressive grades of steels and nickel alloys in conventional energy sources.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2020/2021 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 35  21
        Examination Examination 65  30
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Given participation in exercises.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry PME P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry PME K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S01) Advanced engineering materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2021/2022 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S01) Advanced engineering materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2020/2021 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S01) Advanced engineering materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2020/2021 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S01) Advanced engineering materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2020/2021 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry PME K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry PME P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner