636-3038/01 – Materials for use in the petroleum industry (MPRP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Material EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantorprof. Dr. Ing. Jaroslav SojkaSubject version guarantorprof. Dr. Ing. Jaroslav Sojka
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type B
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2020/2021Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
SOJ33 prof. Dr. Ing. Jaroslav Sojka
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student is able to: - Explain the principal concepts of thermodynamics and their importance in materials study; - - Outline basic processes – solidification and solid phase transformations – in one-component systems; - Differentiate the behaviour of two-component systems and describe eutectic, eutectoid, peritectic and peritectoid reactions; - Analyse more complicated binary systems and binary systems with intermediate phases; - Outline the behaviour of both metastable and stable iron – carbon system and deduce properties of typical alloys.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

Thermodynamic principles of solid substances; one-component systems ; binary systems – eutectic, eutectoid, peritectic, peritectoid reaction; systems with intermediate phases; iron – carbon system. Principles of materials degradation mechanisms. Materials for use in oil and gas industries and related branches.

Compulsory literature:

[1] CALLISTER, W. D. Materials science and engineering: an introduction. 7. ed. New York: Wiley, 2007. ISBN 978-0-471-73696-7. [2] GANGLOFF, R. P., SOMERDAY, B. P. Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies. Volume 1: The problem, its characterisation and effects on particular alloy classes. Oxford: Woodhead Publishing, 2012. ISBN 978-1-84569-677-1. [3] GANGLOFF, R. P., SOMERDAY, B. P. Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies. Volume 2: Mechanisms, modelling and future developments. Oxford: Woodhead Publishing, 2012. ISBN 978-0-85709-536-7. [4] IANNUZZI, M. et al. Materials and corrosion trends in offshore and subsea oil and gas production. Materials degradation, 1, 2017, 1-11. ISSN 2397-2106.

Recommended literature:

[1] OHRING, M. Engineering materials science. San Diego: Academic Press, 1995. ISBN 0-12-524995-0. [2] LYNCH, S. P. Hydrogen embrittlement (HE) phenomena and mechanisms, in Stress corrosion cracking: Theory and practice, Oxford: Woodhead Publishing, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84569-673-3. [3] IANNUZZI, M. Environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) in oil and gas production. in Stress corrosion cracking: Theory and practice, Oxford: Woodhead Publishing, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84569-673-3. [4] NACE MR0175/ISO 15156-1 Petroleum and natural gas industries— Materials for use in H2S-containing Environments in oil and gas production— Part 1: General principles for selection of cracking-resistant materials. NACE International/ISO 2001.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Continuous verification of learning outcomes: full-time study form - 2 written tests, 2 written programs during the semester; combined study form - 1 semestral project. Final verification of study results: written exam.

E-learning

Other requirements

There are no further requirements.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Fundamentals of thermodynamics of solids; systems, components, phases; states of thermodynamic systems; Gibbs phase law. 2. Internal structure of solids, crystal structure failures. 3. One-component systems; solid state solidification, critical nucleation size (stable, unstable nucleation), homogeneous vs. solid state heterogeneous nucleation; solid state phase transformations. 4. Two-component systems and their equilibrium diagrams, basic types - system with unlimited solid solubility, system with eutectic, peritectic reaction; system with eutectoid reaction. 5. More complex two-component systems with solid state phase transformations and intermediate phases. 6. Iron-carbon system (Fe-C); metastable, stable diagram; basic types of reactions; phase description of the metastable diagram. 7. Basic structures in metastable Fe-C system; calculations of phase and structure composition in metastable Fe-C system. 8. Stable Fe-C system, differences from metastable system; graphitic cast iron, classification, basic characteristics. 9. Phase transformations of austenite during cooling - diffusion and partially diffusion transformations, basic characteristics of ferrite, pearlite, bainite. 10. Phase transformations of austenite during cooling - diffusionless transformations; basic characteristics of martensite. 11. Basic types of failure of technical materials - ductile, brittle failure. Methods of assessing the resistance of materials to brittle failure. Defects in materials - crack growth mechanisms, critical crack size; Griffith criterion, Griffith-Orowan criterion. Fracture toughness. 12. Basic mechanisms of degradation of materials in the oil industry - hydrogen embrittlement, sulphide stress cracking. 13. Mechanisms of hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen traps, diffusion of hydrogen in materials, influence of basic factors on hydrogen embrittlement. 14. Methods of testing the resistance of materials to hydrogen embrittlement.

Conditions for subject completion

Conditions for completion are defined only for particular subject version and form of study

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2020/2021 (B0724A290004) Petroleum Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (B0724A290004) Petroleum Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory type B study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner