637-0907/06 – Theory of Production of Non-Ferrous Metals (TVNK)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Non-ferrous Metals, Refining and RecyclingCredits10
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type B
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation2022/2023
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KUR30 prof. Ing. Miroslav Kursa, CSc.
BUJ37 doc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 20+0
Part-time Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student will be able to: - define and apply basic theoretical knowledge from physical chemistry, chemistry and theory of metallurgical processes to processes of production of nonferrous metals - characterise basic pre-requisites for development of processes of pyro-, hydro- and electrometallurgy - classify and explain individual technologies - evaluate optimum technological processes for production of selected groups of metals - formulate advantages and disadvantages of individual technologies - apply knowledge at solution of technical problems

Teaching methods



The course focuses on the theoretical foundations of the processes applied at production of non-ferrous metals. Production of non-ferrous metals uses a wide range of raw materials of diverse chemical nature. This is related to the diversity of their processing procedures. Students will learn the bases of pyro-metallurgical, hydro-metallurgical and electro-metallurgical processes, as well as selected processes of production of heavy, light, noble, high-melting, radioactive and rare earth metals. They will also be acquainted with the preparation and technical application of alloys of non-ferrous metals.

Compulsory literature:

MOORE, J.J. Chemical Metallurgy. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1990. ISBN 0-7506-1646-6. MICHNA, Š. et al. Aluminium Materials and Technologies from A to Z. Prešov: Adin, 2007. ISBN 978-80-89244-18-8. SKOTNICOVÁ, K., M. LOSERTOVÁ a M. KURSA. Theory of production of non-ferrous metals and alloys. Ostrava: VŠB-TU Ostrava, 2015.

Recommended literature:

ABEL, L.A., ed. ASM handbook: Nonferrous alloys and special-purpose materials. Volume 2, Properties and selection: Materials Park: ASM International, 1990. ISBN 0-87170-378-5. DAVIS, J.R. ed. Metals handbook. Desk ed. Materials Park: ASM International, 1998. ISBN 0-87170-654-7.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Oral examination with a written preparation according to the study and examination Rules for the study in doctoral study programs; part of the evaluation is the previous submission of the project to the chosen topic.


Other requirements

Making of project on a given topic and credit test.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Pyro-metallurgy: Phase equilibria in Me-O and Me-S systems. Thermodynamic and kinetic description of pyro-metallurgical processes for production of non-ferrous metals, Ellingham's and Kellog's diagrams. Processes of calcination, roasting; thermodynamics and kinetics of roasting processes. Melting processes. Processes of distillation and sublimation and their application at production of non-ferrous metals. Basic principles of plasma metallurgy processes, types of reactors, efficiency of processes. Pyro-metallurgical refining procedures, oxidation refining, sulphidisation, chloration, liquation, formation if inter-metallic compounds, carbonylic process, iodine process, vacuum refining, zonal processes and processes of directional crystallization. Hydro-metallurgy: Hydro-metallurgy of non-ferrous metals, overview of metals obtained by hydro-metallurgical methods. Equilibria in aqueous solutions. Thermodynamic investigation of heterogeneous systems in aqueous environments, calculations and construction of E-Ph diagrams. Equilibria in Cu-S-H2O, Fe-S-H2O, Cu-Fe-S-H2O, Zn-H2O, Cu-H2O, Ni-H2O, Au-CN-H2O, Al-H2O and U-H2O systems. Kinetics of heterogeneous reactions of leaching processes, influence of variables (temperature, surface of inter-phase interface, flow, etc.) on dissolution kinetics. Physical-chemical fundamentals of processes of cyanide leaching. Electro-chemical substance of dissolution of noble metals, hydrolysis of cyanide solutions. Separation, cleaning and enrichment of spent liquors, processes of ion exchange, adsorption on activated carbon, extraction processes. Obtaining of metals from solutions, thermodynamic aspects of chemical deposition, cementation processes, reduction by hydrogen, liquid extraction, ion exchange, precipitation of poorly soluble compounds, crystallisation form aqueous solutions. Obtaining of metals from aqueous solutions by electrolysis. Electro-metallurgy: Electrolytic processes, Nernst's equation and standard electrode potentials, anodic and cathodic polarisation curves for the system metallic ion / metal, overvoltage of hydrogen on electrodes, Tafel's equation. Electrolytic metal depositing, refining and precipitating electrolysis, metals obtained by electrolysis form aqueous solutions. Processes of electrolysis of salt melts. Efficiency of processes of electrolytic depositing of metals from salt melts, their advantages and drawbacks. Pyro-metallurgical procedures for processing of copper ores, basic processes, hydro-metallurgical production methods. Methods of copper refining, basic admixtures and their influence on the properties of copper. Properties and applications of copper, overview of the basic copper alloys, composition, structure, properties. Production of crude lead, basic procedures and fundamental reactions. Refining of crude lead, basic admixtures, properties and applications of lead, overview of basic alloys, composition, structure, properties. Overview of technologies for production of zinc. Properties and use of zinc, overview of basic alloys, influence of composition on the structure and properties. Overview of technologies for production of nickel, nickel refining. Properties and use of nickel and its alloys, division of nickel alloys. Production of noble metals Au, Ag and elements of Pt group. Characteristics of noble metals, division of basic types of noble metals and are of their use. Production of aluminium, raw materials and characterisation of basic processing methods. Electrolysis of Al2O3 and electrolytic refining of aluminium. Properties and uses of aluminium and its alloys, division of alloys. Production of magnesium, properties and use of magnesium and its alloys, division of alloys, structure and properties. Production of tungsten, fundamental reactions, production of chemical compounds and their conversion to metallic tungsten, uses of tungsten. Production of molybdenum, fundamental reactions, reduction of oxides, processing and use of Mo. Production of titanium, fundamental reactions in pyro-metallurgy and hydro-metallurgy of titanium. Properties and use of titanium, effect of additives, titanium alloys. Production of zirconium and hafnium, fundamental reactions. Properties and use of zirconium and hafnium, zirconium alloys. Rare-earth metals, principles, methods of their production. Properties and applications of rare earth metals. Radioactive metals, division. Production of uranium, hydro-metallurgical and pyro-metallurgical reactions. Properties and use of uranium, uranium alloys and compounds used in nuclear engineering, production and properties of thorium.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester, validity until: 2022/2023 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Examination Examination   3
Mandatory attendence participation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (P0715D270006) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P0715D270006) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P0715D130001) Chemical Metallurgy P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P0715D130001) Chemical Metallurgy K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P0715D270006) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P0715D270006) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2019/2020 (P0715D270006) Metallurgical Technology K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2019/2020 (P0715D270006) Metallurgical Technology P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan

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