637-3008/01 – Metallurgy of Pure Metals (MČK)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Non-ferrous Metals, Refining and RecyclingCredits6
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Jaromír Drápala, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Jaromír Drápala, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year1Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2014/2015Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DRA30 prof. Ing. Jaromír Drápala, CSc.
BUJ37 doc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+3
Combined Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- student will be able to define the thermodynamic and kinetic factors necessary for the assessment of refining effect in the area of the metallurgy of pure metals, - student will be able to describe and characterize basic kinds of methods for purification of materials using pyro-, hydro- or electrometallurgical processes - student will be able to classify and clear up the fundamental crystallization methods for preparation of crystals with defined characteristics - student will be able to consider a choice of suitable physical, physico-chemical and metallurgical methods for particular cases of synthesis or purification of metals, alloys and compounds, - student will be able to evaluate and apply theoretical knowledge, e.g. when proposing an optimal technology for purification of metals or their micro-doping.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials
Project work

Summary

New areas of advanced science and technology, for example, semiconductors, microelectronics, optoelectronics, superconducting materials, vacuum technology, nuclear metallurgy, space industry, require materials, metals and their special alloys and compounds with high chemical purity and defined physical and structural parameters and specific applied properties. The “Metallurgy of pure metals” is a subject of university courses dealing with methods of refining and preparation of high purity substances. A special attention is paid not only to the high degree of chemical purity attainable by chemical or physico-chemical or hydrometallurgical methods, such as sorption, extraction, crystallization from aqueous solutions, electrolysis, and also by pyro-metallurgical methods such as crystallization from melts, evaporation, condensation and transport reactions, electro-transport, diffusion separation of substances, removal of gases from melts and vacuum refining of metals.

Compulsory literature:

DRÁPALA, J., KUCHAŘ, L. Metallurgy of Pure Metals. Cambridge International Science Publishing Ltd., 2008.

Recommended literature:

ASM Handbook, Vol. 2, Properties and Selection: Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials. ASM International, 1990.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Two check tests in the frame of the practice.

E-learning

Not available.

Další požadavky na studenta

Four computional programs, proposal of refining technology

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Theoretical fundamentals of preparation of highly pure materials, properties and signification of pure materials. Methods of description of purity, influence of impurities on the substance properties. Classification of methods of separation and refining of substances, stages of cleaning and fundamentals at the highly pure materials production. 2. Theoretic principles of ion exchange, chromatography, sorption and extraction. 3. Theoretic principles of distillation, rectification, transport reactions, electro-dialysis, electrolysis, electro-transport. 4. Equilibrium distribution coefficient - methods of determination, retrograde solubility, correlation dependencies of ko on different parameters. 5. Thermodynamic methods of determination ko, theory of ideal, dilute, regular and real solutions (Romanenko, Kaufman, Pelton methods). 6. Ternary systems, distribution coefficient in ternary system. 7. Conditions on the phase crystal - melt interface, kinetic and effective distribution coefficient, Burton - Prim – Slichter equation. 8. Methods of kef determination from experimental results, method of the material balance, Vigdorovich method, frozen zone, slot method. 9. Jackson's and Temkin's theory of crystallization, kinetics of the growth of crystalline materials. Temperature and concentration conditions of crystallization, temperature and concentration undercooling, consequences, Tiller's equation. 10. Convection in melt, influence of the convection on creation of defects, buoyancy, Marangoni, rotary, magnetic convection. 11. Crystallization methods, classification of crystallization techniques. Directional crystallization, Bridgman's method, Czochralski method of drawing single crystals. 12. Zone melting, multiple zone refining, Burris - Stockman - Dillon theory, final distribution in the zone melting, techniques of zone melting, "floating zone" method. Mass transfer in directional crystallization and zone melting, reasons, consequences. Continuous zone refining, preparation of metals with homogenous distribution of elements, floating crucible method, zone levelling. 13. Epitaxial techniques for the formation of thin layers – LPE, VPE, LE, SPE, EEE, MBE methods. Semiconductor materials, purification and production technology. Preparation of semiconductor compounds from non-stoichiometric melt. 14. Refractory metals, purification and preparation of single crystals. Diffusion, PVD, CVD methods. Physical metallurgical characteristics of highly pure materials and methods of purity determination.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2014/2015 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 40  25
        Examination Examination 60  26
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T033) Material Recycling P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3923) Materials Engineering (3911T036) Advanced Engineering Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
FMMI 2017/2018 Full-time English Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI 2016/2017 Full-time English Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI 2015/2016 Full-time English Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block
FMMI_N 2014/2015 Full-time Czech Compulsory 601 - Study Office stu. block