637-3037/01 – Innovative processes for preparation of materials (IPPM)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Non-ferrous Metals, Refining and RecyclingCredits6
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation2022/2023
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
CEG004 Ing. Tomáš Čegan, Ph.D.
DRA30 prof. Ing. Jaromír Drápala, CSc.
BUJ37 doc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 18+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The course is aimed at a deeper understanding of the relationship between design, manufacturing processes and properties of materials that are applied in the automotive, aerospace, energy or engineering industries. Various manufacturing technologies including progressive methods of metallurgy such as induction skull melting, centrifugal casting, electron beam floating zone melting, plasma metallurgy, melt spinning, strip casting, atomization, further composites manufacturing processes, additive manufacturing technologies, methods of forming thin films, etc. The fundamental principles of given technologies, their advantages and disadvantages, the economic aspects, the suitability/proposal of the processes for the particular materials in order to achieve their required properties will be discussed. New areas of advanced science and technology, for example, semiconductors, microelectronics, optoelectronics, superconducting materials, vacuum technology, nuclear metallurgy, space industry, require materials, metals and their special alloys and compounds with high chemical purity and defined physical and structural parameters and specific applied properties. Therefore, the attention will also be paid to the manufacturing processes of high purity materials via suitable physical, physico-chemical and metallurgical methods (e.g. sorption, extraction, crystallization from aqueous solutions, electrolysis, crystallization from melts, evaporation, condensation and transport reactions, electro-transport, diffusion separation of substances, removal of gases from melts and vacuum refining of metals). The students will be able: - to characterize given manufacturing processes of pure metals, alloys, compounds and composites, including their advantages and disadvantages with regard to obtaining materials with specific utility properties and quality, - to critically analyze alternative manufacturing processes, - to define / specify material properties affecting the choice of the manufacturing process, - to interpret the manufacturing processes of materials in a wider context, - to select a suitable production process for obtaining a material with required properties, - to take into account all aspects of the manufacturing process of material or component, including subsequent recycling or disposal, - to consider a choice of suitable physical, physico-chemical and metallurgical methods for particular cases of synthesis or purification of metals, alloys and compounds, - to define the thermodynamic and kinetic factors necessary for the assessment of refining effect in the area of the metallurgy of pure metals.

Teaching methods

Individual consultations
Experimental work in labs
Project work


Předmět je zaměřen na hlubší pochopení vztahu mezi designem, výrobními procesy a vlastnostmi materiálů, které jsou aplikovány zejména v automobilovém, leteckém, energetickém či strojírenském průmyslu. Budou popsány různé způsoby výroby materiálů, zahrnující progresivní metody metalurgie jako tavení ve studeném kelímku, odstředivé lití, elektronové zonální tavení, plazmová metalurgie, melt spinning, strip casting, atomizace, dále výrobní procesy kompozitních materiálů, technologie aditivní výroby, metody přípravy tenkých vrstev, aj. Budou diskutovány principiální aspekty daných technologií, jejich výhody a nevýhody, ekonomické hlediska, vhodnost/návrh procesů pro konkrétní materiály z hlediska dosažení jejich požadovaných vlastností. V nových perspektivních oblastech vědy a techniky, jakými jsou např. polovodičová technika, mikroelektronika, optoelektronika, technika supravodivých materiálů, vakuová technika, jaderná metalurgie, kosmická a technika jsou vyžadovány materiály, kovy a jejich speciální slitiny a sloučeniny o vysoké chemické čistotě s definovanými fyzikálními a strukturními parametry a specifickými užitnými vlastnostmi. Proto bude pozornost věnována i procesům přípravy vysoce čistých materiálů pomocí fyzikálních, fyzikálně-chemických a metalurgických metod (např. sorpce, extrakce, krystalizace z vodných roztoků, elektrolýza, krystalizace z tavenin, vypařování, kondenzace a transportní reakce, elektropřenos, difuzní dělení látek, odstraňování plynů z tavenin i rafinace kovů ve vakuu, aj.)

Compulsory literature:

DRÁPALA, J. Metalurgie čistých kovů. Ostrava: VŠB-TU Ostrava, 2008. GIBSON, I., D.W. ROSEN, B. STUCKER. Additive Manufacturing Technologies. Rapid Prototyping to Direct Digital Manufacturing. New York: Springer, 2014, 484 p. ISBN 978-1-4419-1119-3. GROOVER, M.P. Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing: Materials, Processes, and Systems. Hoboken: Wiley, 2012. ISBN 978-1-118-39367-3.

Recommended literature:

KALPAKJIAN, S. Manufacturing engineering and technology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2013. ISBN 978-0133128741.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Continuous verification of learning outcomes: •full-time study form - 2 written tests, 1 semestral project; •combined study form - 1 semestral project. Final verification of study results: • oral exam.


Other requirements

No further requirements for the student.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Progressive methods of the production of nonferrous metals and alloys with specific properties (induction skull melting, centrifugal casting, electron beam floating zone melting, plasma metallurgy, Bridgman method, Czochralski method, melt spinning, strip casting, atomization, etc.) 2. Preparation methods of metal matrix composite (squeeze casting, vacuum and pressure infiltration, reaction infiltration, powder metallurgy techniques, HIP process, etc.) 3. Additive manufacturing technologies (stereolithography, selective laser sintering, direct metal laser sintering, fused deposition modelling, laminated object manufacturing) 4. Methods of the highly pure materials production (Theoretic principles of ion exchange, chromatography, sorption and extraction, distillation, rectification, transport reactions, electro-dialysis, electrolysis, electro-transport). 5. Equilibrium distribution coefficient - methods of determination, retrograde solubility, correlation dependencies of ko on different parameters. 6. Directional crystallization and zone melting – fundamental principles. 7. Conditions on the phase crystal - melt interface, kinetic and effective distribution coefficient, Burton - Prim – Slichter equation. 8. Kinetics of the growth, convection in melt. 9. Methods of kef determination from experimental results, method of the materials balance, Vigdorovich method, frozen zone, slot method. 10. Epitaxial techniques for the formation of thin layers – LPE, VPE, LE, SPE, EEE, MBE methods. 11. Semiconductor materials, purification and production technology. 12. Preparation of semiconductor compounds from non-stoichiometric melt. 13.-14. High purity materials analysis, radiometric methods, X-ray methods, residual resistivity measurements, etc.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester, validity until: 2022/2023 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40  24
        Examination Examination 60  21 3
Mandatory attendence participation: Preparation of a semester project.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S02) Materials technologies and recycling MTI P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S02) Materials technologies and recycling MTI K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S02) Materials technologies and recycling MTI K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S02) Materials technologies and recycling MTI P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S02) Materials technologies and recycling MTI P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0715A270002) Materials Engineering (S02) Materials technologies and recycling MTI K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

2021/2022 Winter
2020/2021 Winter