652-0909/03 – Steel Casting and Crystallization (LitKrO)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Metallurgical TechnologiesCredits10
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Silvie Brožová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Silvie Brožová, Ph.D.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type B
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2022/2023Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BRO37 doc. Ing. Silvie Brožová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 20+0
Part-time Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

- student will be able to demonstrate regularities proceeding at steel casting and solidification - student will be able to formulate micro-segregate and macro-segregate processes in steel - student will be able to characterise defects of ingots and continuously cast blanks

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


Subject is read with the purpose to understand the basic regularities and processes proceeding at steel casting, solidification and crystallization of steel (by the help of practical exercises), the conditions of homogenous and heterogeneous nucleation of crystals, the micro-segregate and macro-segregate processes, the defects of ingots and continuously cast blanks, the theoretical and technological aspects at steel casting into the ingot moulds as well as on the continuous casting machine.

Compulsory literature:

CRAMB, A. The Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel: Casting Volume. 11th ed., Pittsburgh: AISE Steel Foundation, 2003. ISBN 0930767047. IRVING, W.R. Continuous Casting of Steel. London: Institute of Materials, 1993. ISBN 0901716537. YOGESHWAR, S. and E. TOSHIHIKO. Tundish Technology for Clean Steel Production. London: World Scientific, 2007. ISBN 978-981-270-621-8. FLEMINGS, M.C. Solidification Processing. 1st ed., McGraw-Hill, 1974. ISBN 9780070212831.

Recommended literature:

Proceedings of "European Continuous Casting Conference".

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Examination with written preparation, part of the assessment is the previous submission of a project on the chosen topic


Other requirements

Elaboration of project.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Equipment of cast houses. Classification of steels by degree of deoxidation, killed steel, semi- killed steel and rimming steel. Refractory materials used at casting of steel, material properties. Possibilities of evaluation of properties and resistance of refractory materials to molten metals and slags. Casting of steels into ingot-moulds, top pouring, uphill casting. Behaviour of steel in a ladle. Crystallisation of steel. Solidification of steel, regularities, solidification of the ingot crop end. Structure of ingots made of killed and rimming steel. Numerical simulation of ingot\'s solidification (utilization of ProCAST software - influence of various factors on the solidification process and segregations). Micro-segregation, macro-segregation. Ingots defects of killed and rimmed steel. Casting of large ingots. Cleanness and quality of the ingots, defects. Process VIC (Vítkovice Ingot Casting). Continuous casting of steel, division, benefits, disadvantages, economy. Design of CCM equipment. Classification of CCM, vertical, horizontal. Primary, secondary and tertiary cooling zone. Solidification of steel in mould, influencing factors. Tundish metallurgy. Defects of continuously cast blanks. Perspectives, new directions at casting of thin blanks.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2022/2023 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Examination Examination   3
Mandatory attendence participation:

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2024/2025 (P0715D270007) Metallurgical Technology P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2023/2024 (P0715D270007) Metallurgical Technology K English Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2023/2024 (P0715D270007) Metallurgical Technology P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2022/2023 (P0715D270007) Metallurgical Technology K English Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2022/2023 (P0715D270007) Metallurgical Technology P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

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