652-3024/01 – Metallurgy of cast iron (ML)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Metallurgical TechnologiesCredits6
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Ivana Lichá, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Ivana Lichá, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2022/2023Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
GAW020 Ing. Martina Bašistová
KRO226 doc. Ing. Ivana Lichá, Ph.D.
RAD913 Ing. Filip Radkovský, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Acquired knowledge: -student will be able to characterize the physico-chemical processes in iron smelting in electric furnaces. -student will have theoretical and practical knowledge mimopecního processing of iron and technological methods of casting iron castings. Acquired skills: -student will be able to use their knowledge to make decisions about how to metallurgical processing and casting -student will be able to apply theoretical knowledge to manage the process of production of iron castings

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


The course focuses on the theoretical and practical knowledge of iron metallurgy and technology and their application in smelting and processing mimopecním. Emphasis is placed on understanding the ongoing processes of melting and explain the nature of vaccination and modification of cast iron. Students will learn about the physical nature of volume changes during solidification of cast iron and about the principles of technological design of castings and risers.

Compulsory literature:

[1]GOODRICH Georg. Iron Castings Enginering Handbook. 418s. American Foundry Society. Schaumburg, Illinois. 2006.ISBN 0-87433-260-5. [2]CAMPBELL, J. Castings practice: the 10 rules of castings. Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007, 205 p. ISBN 07-506-4791-4. [3]STEFANESCU, D.M. Science and Engineering of Casting Solidification. Alabama: Springer Intrnational Pubishing Switzerland 2015. ISBN 978-3-319-15692-7,ISBN 978-3-319-15693-4 (eBook)

Recommended literature:

[1]HASSE, S. Structure of Cast Iron Alloys. Graz: SCHILE&SCHON,2008.ISBN 978-3-7949-0753-3.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester



Other requirements

Elaboration of semestral projects and completion of the interim tests


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1.Past and present of production of cast iron. Distribution of iron according to graphite shape, mechanical and physical properties. Basic types of cast irons and their use in industry. 2.Theoretical foundations of crystallization and formation of cast iron structure. Phase diagram of iron-carbon. Effect of chemical composition and cooling rate on the microstructure. Structural diagrams of cast iron. 3. Eutectic crystallization. Effect of physicochemical state cast iron eutectic crystallization. Degree of graphitization of cast iron. Alloyed cast iron. 4.The morphology of solidification of cast irons. Linear and volumetric changes during solidification of cast irons. Volumetric shrinkage of cast iron castings. Sizing riser and gating system. 5.Auxiliary facilities for smelting iron. Cupola fonace, construction. The basics of melting process in KP. Feedstock, changes in the chemical composition of the charge. Intensification melting KP. 6. Metallurgical processing of iron in an electric induction furnace, melting principle, design, modification of the melt. Smelting iron in an electric arc furnace - changing the content of the main elements. Thermal analysis of cast iron. 7.Ladle desulfurization, desulfurization technology principle and cast iron - CaC2, Na2CO3, CaO. Method Gazal. Rotary gas furnace, holding furnace. 8.Solutions of molten metals, types of solutions, thermodynamic activity, activity coefficients, interaction coefficients. 9.Application of the laws of thermodynamics to the molten iron. The solubility of oxygen in the iron. Interaction of carbon-silicon. The use of thermodynamic relations for the EIP of melting. Measurement of the oxygen activity in cast irons. 10.Vaccination. The thermodynamic nature of vaccination, vaccination hypothesis, the effect of oxygen on the vaccination process, mechanism of action and methods of vaccination. 11.Modifications, conditions, loss of Mg. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics modification. Definitions modifying pressure. Reaction of Mg, and Ca-S-S. Deoxidation effect of Mg, Ca, Al-modifying. Control methods of modification. 12.Technology of modification. Methods of irrigation, dip, converter, continuous. Methods cored. Comparison modification methods. 13.Technological of cast iron construction castings. Principles of design in terms of quality, static, dynamic, fatigue and shock loads. 14. Defects of iron castings. Microstructural defects. Shrinkage, blow holes, bubbles, struskovitost. Inadequate mechanical and physical properties.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2022/2023 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  16 3
        Examination Examination 70  21 3
Mandatory attendence participation: Preparation of laboratory protocols and passing the credit test.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: Individual consultations with the teacher, preparation of a semester project.

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2024/2025 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S02) Foundry Technologies ST K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2024/2025 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S02) Foundry Technologies ST P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S02) Foundry Technologies ST K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S02) Foundry Technologies ST P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S02) Foundry Technologies ST P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S02) Foundry Technologies ST K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

2022/2023 Summer