653-0079/03 – Electrotechnical Materials (ETM)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Materials Engineering and RecyclingCredits4
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Ivo Szurman, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Ivo Szurman, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2022/2023Year of cancellation2023/2024
Intended for the facultiesFEI, FMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BUJ37 doc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.
SZU02 doc. Ing. Ivo Szurman, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Graded credit 3+1
Part-time Graded credit 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student will be able to: - classify basic groups of the current and advanced materials for applications in electric engineering, micro-electronics and opto-electronics - apply basic theoretical knowledge on influence of composition and internal structure of material on physical, mechanical, electrical, magnetic and optical properties - define requirements for individual groups of materials, technology for preparation and further processing, realisation of electronic elements

Teaching methods

Individual consultations
Project work


The aim of teaching of the subject is to provide students with basic information about current and prospective materials, which are used in various fields of electrical engineering and micro-electronics. Individual categories of materials for applications in electrical engineering are the following ones: conductive materials (conductors, super-conductors, materials for contacts, thermo-electric conversion, resistance materials, solders), dielectrics, ferro-electric materials and insulating materials, magnetic materials (soft, hard, special - based on alloys of rare-earth metals and oxides) semiconductors for micro- and opto-electronics, solar cells, metallic glasses, liquid crystals, nano-materials.

Compulsory literature:

BOUDA, V., HAMPL, J., LIPTÁK, J. Materials for Electronics. Textbook of ČVUT Praha, 2000, 208 p. HARPER, CH.A. Electronic Materials and Processes Handbook. McGraw-Hill, 2004. WHITAKER, J.C. Microelectronics. Second Edition. CRC Press, 2006. KŘÍŽ, M., KULA, V. Introduction to Electrical Engineering. Praha: ČVUT. 2000 HAMPL, L. LIPTÁK, J. Materials for Electrotechnics. Praha: ČVUT. 2006

Recommended literature:

KLAUK HAGEN: Organic Electronics: Materials, Manufacturing and Applications. Willey-VCH, 2006. DORF, R.C.: The Electrical Engineering Handbook Series. Second Edition. CRC Press, 2005. SOLYMAR, L., WALSH, D. Lectures on the Electrical Properties of Materials. Oxford: University Press. 1991 ASM Handbook. Vol.2, Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Material. 10th edition, ASM International, 2000, 1328 p. ISBN 0-87170-378-5 DAVIS, J.R.: Metals Handbook, Desk Edition, ASM International, 1998, 1521 p.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Jeden kontrolní test na konci semestru.


DRÁPALA, J., KURSA, M. Elektrotechnické materiály. E-learning na, 2012, 439 s. http://www.person.vsb.cz/archivcd/FMMI/ETMAT/index.htm

Other requirements

Prepare a seminar paper on a given topic according to defined requirements.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Electron theory of the metallic state. Cohesion forces of solid matters; types of elementary bonding and their influence on properties of materials. Classification of solid matters according to chemical bonds. Cohesive energy of the metal, band theory, standard metals and transition metals. 2. Crystalline materials (polymorphism), standard type of crystal lattices, plains and directions, reciprocal lattice. Brillouin zone, conductors, insulators, semiconductors. Specific heat. 3. Crystal structure defaults: vacancies, dislocations, stacking faults, grain boundaries in crystals. Single crystals, polycristalline and amorphous metals. Solid solution, intermetallic phases. Linear expansion and volume changes during phase transformation in solid state. 4. Conducting materials. Physical principles of the electrical conductivity of metals, basic characteristic of conductors, superconductivity. Metallic conductive materials (Cu, Al, W, Mo, …) and their alloys, carbon materials. 5. Special conducting materials. Contact materials, resistance materials, thermocouples, bimetals, solders, metals and alloys for safety-fuse, shape memory materials. Superconducting materials. 6. Physical properties and main kinds of semiconductor materials. Semiconductor materials: elementary and compounds. Basic demands on preparation of pure materials. 7. Refining and structure improving methods, zone refining, directional crystallization, distillation. Methods of crystal growing, Czochralski method. Types of semiconductors (AIIIBV, AIIBVI). Technology of thin layers deposition (epitaxy) and junction (diffusion). 8. Magnetic materials. Basic relations, notions, fundamentals of the ferromagnetism, characteristics of magnetic materials. Standard types of magnetic materials. 9. Soft magnetic material (Fe-Si, Fe-Ni), metallic glasses. Hard magnetic material. Ferrites. Structure, classification, processing technologies, characteristics and application domains. 10. Dielectrics and insulators, characteristics and structure insulators, polarization and permittivity of dielectrics, electrical conductivity of insulators. 11. Specific dielectric strength of solid state insulators, breakdown and basic breakdown types, properties of insulators. 12. Overview of electro-insulating materials. Gaseous, liquid and solid state insulators, inorganic insulating material. 13. Construction materials, basic classification: steel, cast iron, non-ferrous metals and alloys, composites, ceramics. 14. Properties of construction materials and methods of mechanical testing: tensile test, compression test, notched test, fracture toughness, fatigue and creep.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2022/2023 Winter semester, validity until: 2022/2023 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Graded credit Graded credit 100  51 3
Mandatory attendence participation: Seminar work, final test

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: Completion of all compulsory tasks within individually agreed deadlines.

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2022/2023 (B0713A060005) Electrical Power Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (B0713A060005) Electrical Power Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (B0714A060012) Applied Electronics P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (B0713A060004) Design of Electrical Systems and Technologies K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (B0713A060004) Design of Electrical Systems and Technologies P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (B0714A060012) Applied Electronics K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

2022/2023 Winter