653-2002/02 – Materials Science (NOM)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Materials Engineering and RecyclingCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Petra Váňová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Petra Váňová, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2022/2023Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFS, USPIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HRA0165 Ing. Kryštof Hradečný
KON57 Ing. Kateřina Konečná, Ph.D.
PAL0193 Ing. Renáta Palupčíková
BET37 doc. Ing. Petra Váňová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student is able to: - Explain the principal concepts of thermodynamics and their importance in materials study; - Outline basic processes – solidification and solid phase transformations – in one-component systems; - Differentiate the behaviour of two-component systems and describe eutectic, eutectoid, peritectic and peritectoid reactions; - Analyse more complicated binary systems and binary systems with intermediate phases; - Outline the behaviour of both metastable and stable iron – carbon system and deduce properties of typical alloys.

Teaching methods

Experimental work in labs


Thermodynamic principles of solid substances; one-component systems ; binary systems – eutectic, eutectoid, peritectic, peritectoid reaction; systems with intermediate phases; iron – carbon system.

Compulsory literature:

CALLISTER, W. D. Materials science and engineering: an introduction. 7. ed. New York: Wiley, 2007. ISBN 978-0-471-73696-7. ASHBY, M. F. and D. R. H. Jones. Engineering Materials 2. Oxford: Butterworth, 2012. ISBN 978-0080966687.

Recommended literature:

OHRING, M. Engineering materials science. San Diego: Academic Press, 1995. ISBN 0-12-524995-0.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Continuous verification of study results: 2 written tests, 2 written programs during the semester; Final verification of study results: written exam.


LMS Moodle

Other requirements

There are no further special requirements.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures: 1. Internal structure of solids, imperfections of crystal structure. 2.-3. Principles of thermodynamics of solids; systems; components; phases; equilibrium vs non-equilibrium state of thermodynamic systems; Gibbs phase law; one-component system, solidification, nucleation of solid phase (stable vs unstable nucleus), homogeneous vs heterogeneous nucleation, phase transformation in solid state. 4.-7. Two-component system and their binary diagrams; basic kinds of binary systems – system with an unlimited solubility in solid state, system with eutectic, peritectic reaction, system with eutectoid, peritectoid reaction. 8. Complex two-component systems comprising phase transformations in solid state and the presence of intermediate phases. 9.-11. Iron – carbon system; metastable, stable diagram; principal reactions; phase and structure description of metastable Fe-C diagram; basic structure constituents in metastable system Fe-C; calculation of phase composition in metastable Fe-C system. 12. Stable system Fe-C, differences to metastable system; graphite containing cast irons; classification, principal characteristics. 13. Phase transformations of austenite at cooling – diffusion, difusionless transformations; characteristics of bainite and martensite. 14. Application of Fe-C diagram in heat treatment of steels. Exercises: 1. Introductory exercises - syllabus, credit conditions, safety training, basics of metallography (theory). 2. Basics of metallography - sample preparation (grinding, polishing, etching - principles), metallographic microscopes (principle, magnification, resolution). 3. Basic mechanical tests - tensile test, hardness tests, impact test in bending according to Charpy (principle, samples, evaluation). 4. Basics of crystallography - drawing directions and planes in a cubic lattice, calculation of angles between directions and planes - PROGRAM No. 1 (6 points). 5. Description of basic binary diagrams, cooling curves (diagrams with eutectic and eutectoid transformation). 6. Basic binary diagrams - calculation of phase shares and structural components using the lever rule. 7. More complex types of binary diagrams - PROGRAM No. 2 (6 points). 8. Evaluation of binary alloy samples - binary diagram application, microstructure (silumins, brass, bronzes). 9. TEST 1 (8 points), metastable Fe-C diagram, cooling curves. 10. Metastable diagram Fe-C - calculations of the share of structural components. 11. Preparation of metallographic cutting of steel, observation of microstructure of steels with different carbon content. 12. Determination of phase fraction by point method, evaluation of C content, determination of steel grain size (activity 2 points). 13. Stable diagram of Fe-C, microstructure of cast iron (comparison of white and graphite); 14. TEST 2 (8 points), credits.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2022/2023 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  15
        Examination Examination 70  36 3
Mandatory attendence participation: Min. 80 % mandatory participation in exercises. Elaboration of assigned projects.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: Completion of all compulsory tasks within individually agreed deadlines.

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2023/2024 (B0588A170003) Applied Sciences and Technologies P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

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