653-3312/02 – Theory of Non-Ferrous Metals and Alloys Processing (TPNKS)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Materials Engineering and RecyclingCredits6
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2022/2023Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGF, FMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
CEG004 Ing. Tomáš Čegan, Ph.D.
BUJ37 doc. Ing. Kateřina Skotnicová, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Students completing the course will be able to: classify non-ferrous metals, define and apply basic theoretical knowledge of physical chemistry, chemistry and the theory of metallurgical processes to the processes of production of non-ferrous metals, characterise the basic pre-requisites for running the processes of pyro-, hydro- and electro-metallurgy, classify and explain individual technologies, consider the optimal technological process for the production of selected groups of metals, articulate the strengths and weaknesses of individual technologies, apply the knowledge at solution of technical problems. Acquired knowledge: theoretical foundations and principles of the production of various non-ferrous metals, characteristics of the most important non-ferrous metals, their physical and mechanical properties, including the areas of their application in practice. Acquired skills: the ability to determine the thermodynamic conditions for the reduction of non-ferrous metals from their oxides and other compounds, the ability to apply materials based on non-ferrous metals for solving material issues in technical practice.

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


The course focuses on the theoretical foundations of the processes applied at production of non-ferrous metals. Production of non-ferrous metals uses a wide range of raw materials of diverse chemical nature. This is related to the diversity of their processing procedures. Students will learn the bases of pyro-metallurgical, hydro-metallurgical and electro-metallurgical processes, as well as selected processes of production of heavy, light, noble, high-melting, radioactive and rare earth metals. They will also be acquainted with the preparation and technical application of alloys of non-ferrous metals.

Compulsory literature:

[1] MOORE, J.J. Chemical Metallurgy. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1990. ISBN 0-7506-1646-6. [2] MICHNA, Š. et al. Aluminium Materials and Technologies from A to Z. Prešov: Adin, 2007. ISBN 978-80-89244-18-8. [3] SKOTNICOVÁ, K., M. LOSERTOVÁ, M. KURSA. Theory of production of non-ferrous metals and alloys. Ostrava: VŠB-TU Ostrava, 2015. Dostupné z: http://katedry.fmmi.vsb.cz/Opory_FMMI_ENG/TEaCM/Theory%20of%20Non-Ferrous%20Metals%20and%20Alloys%20Processing.pdf [4] GROOVER, M.P. Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing: Materials, Processes, and Systems. Hoboken: Wiley, 5th Ed, 2012, 1128 p. ISBN: 978-1-118-39367-3.

Recommended literature:

[1] ABEL, Lois A., ed. ASM handbook: nonferrous alloys and special-purpose materials. Volume 2, Properties and selection: Materials Park: ASM International, c1990. ISBN 0-87170-378-5.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Continuous verification of learning outcomes: - 1 written test, 1 semestral project; Final verification of study results: - oral exam.


not avalaible

Other requirements

Making of seminar project on a given topic and credit test.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Metals, technical division, production and processing of metals in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Mineral resources for production of non-ferrous metals. 2. Basic metallurgical processes, overview and characteristics. Crushing, sorting and separation. Joining of fine-grained materials, sintering, pelletisation, briquetting. Drying, calcination, dissociation. 3. Roasting processes, chlorinating roasting, sulphating system Fe-SO Cu-S-O. Melting processes. 4. Overview of reduction processes, dissociation of oxides to metals. Reduction processes for production of metals - an overview. Reduction of metal oxides by carbon, C-O system, metals obtained by carbo-thermic processes. Reduction by hydrogen, reduction technology, manufactured metals. Further reduction procedures (aluminothermy, calciothermy, magnesiothermy, silicothermy). 5. Methods of refining metals. Pyro-metallurgical refining processes, chemical methods for refining of metals. 6. Hydrometallurgical processes for extraction of metals (examples, characteristics, basic operations). 7. Processing of spent liquors to the elemental metal, overview of procedures. Electrolysis, types of processes, basic regularities, electrochemical series, stress, hydrogen and oxygen overstress, metals produced by an electrolysis. 8. Pyro-metallurgical procedures for processing of copper ores, basic processes, hydro-metallurgical production methods. Methods of copper refining, basic admixtures and their influence on the properties of copper. Properties and applications of copper, overview of the basic copper alloys, composition, structure, properties. 9. Production of crude lead, basic procedures and fundamental reactions. Refining of crude lead, basic admixtures, properties and applications of lead, overview of basic alloys, composition, structure, properties. Overview of technologies for production of zinc. Properties and use of zinc, overview of basic alloys, influence of composition on the structure and properties. 10. Overview of technologies for production of nickel, nickel refining. Properties and use of nickel and its alloys, division of nickel alloys. Production of noble metals Au, Ag and elements of Pt group. Characteristics of noble metals, division of basic types of noble metals and are of their use. 11. Production of aluminium, raw materials and characterisation of basic processing methods. Electrolysis of Al2O3 and electrolytic refining of aluminium. Properties and uses of aluminium and its alloys, division of alloys. Production of magnesium, properties and use of magnesium and its alloys, division of alloys, structure and properties. 12. Production of tungsten, fundamental reactions, production of chemical compounds and their conversion to metallic tungsten, uses of tungsten. Production of molybdenum, fundamental reactions, reduction of oxides, processing and use of Mo. Production of titanium, fundamental reactions in pyro-metallurgy and hydro-metallurgy of titanium. Properties and use of titanium, effect of additives, titanium alloys. 13. Production of zirconium and hafnium, fundamental reactions. Properties and use of zirconium and hafnium, zirconium alloys. Rare-earth metals, principles, methods of their production. Properties and applications of rare earth metals. 14. Radioactive metals, division. Production of uranium, hydro-metallurgical and pyro-metallurgical reactions. Properties and use of uranium, uranium alloys and compounds used in nuclear engineering, production and properties of thorium.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2022/2023 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40  25
        Examination Examination 60  20
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Special program: 5 points Semestral project: 10 points Test: 10 points Written work: 15 points

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2022/2023 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S01) Advanced Technologies of Metals Production K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S03) Forming of Progressive Metallic Materials K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S02) Foundry Technologies P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S03) Forming of Progressive Metallic Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S01) Advanced Technologies of Metals Production P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0715A270003) Metallurgical engineering (S02) Foundry Technologies K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner