653-3337/01 – Technologies of materials joining for energy industry (TSME)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Materials Engineering and RecyclingCredits5
Subject guarantorDr. Ing. Zdeněk KuboňSubject version guarantorDr. Ing. Zdeněk Kuboň
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2022/2023Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KUB014 Dr. Ing. Zdeněk Kuboň
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Students will get acquainted with the main welding methods used in materials in power industry. They will know which factors influence decisively the weldability of materials; they will be able to choose the appropriate welding process for specific types of materials and their use. They will also be able to define suitable weldability tests as well as methods for checking the quality of the welded joints. They will control methods of characterization of the welded joints in terms of identification of possible degradation sites, especially in relation to creep damage. They will be able to analyze and evaluate existing technical solutions in the field of welding of materials for power engineering, especially in conventional power plants.

Teaching methods

Experimental work in labs
Project work


The course is devoted to the most important technologies of joining materials for power engineering, especially their welding. The course includes brief theories of welding processes, weldability of materials including methods of its evaluation. Additionally, the treatment of materials prior to welding, the treatment after welding are included in the course (preheating of materials, including methods of preheating, controlled cooling after welding, post-welding heat treatment). Subsequently, the types and methods of welding are described, especially arc welding (manual arc welding, automatic or semi-automatic flux-core arc welding and its variants, use of protective gases, materials for electrodes, etc.). Attention is also focused on defects of welded joints, their definition and evaluation of admissibility, as well as methods of evaluation of welded joint quality in terms of occurrence of defects, respectively in terms of their structure and properties. Particular attention is paid to the welding of materials in power industry, where the properties of welded joints change during the high temperature exposure, and to the associated limitation of welding processes and combinations of different steels.

Compulsory literature:

CARY, H. B. and S. C. HELZER. Modern welding technology. 6th ed., Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. ISBN 0-13-113029-3. JEFFUS, L. F. Welding: principles and applications. 8th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning, 2016. ISBN 978-1-305-49469-5.

Recommended literature:

KOÇAK, Mustafa, ed. Proceedings of the International Congress on Advances in Welding Science & Technology for Construction, Energy & Transportation Systems (AWST-2011), 24-25 October, 2011, at Gloria Hotels & Resorts, Antalya, Turkey. Istanbul: Ben Yazarim Yayinlari, 2011. ISBN 978-605-4424-23-8. LIPPOLD, John. C. Welding Metallurgy and Weldability. Hoboken [NJ]: John Wiley & Sons, 2015, 400 s. ISBN 978-1-118-23070-1.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Průběžné ověření studijních výsledků: prezenční forma studia - 2 písemné testy, 2 programy zpracované v průběhu semestru, 1 semestrální projekt; kombinovaná forma studia - 2 programy zpracované v průběhu semestru, 1 semestrální projekt. Závěrečné ověření studijních výsledků: prezenční i kombinovaná forma studia - písemná zkouška.


Other requirements

There are no further requirements.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction, theory of welding; basic concepts; the formation of the welded joint and its principal parts; deformation and internal stresses during welding process. 2. Weldability of metallic materials and its evaluation; weldability of steels, influence of individual elements on steel weldability. 3. Weldability evaluation – resistance to hot cracking, resistance to cold cracking, (incl. hydrogen embrittlement), resistance to lamellar tearing, resistance to annealing cracks. 4. Preheating, controlled cooling, post weld heat treatment - determination of preheating temperature, used methods, interpass temperature; controlled cooling; stress relief annealing, tempering after welding. 5. Types and methods of welding, fusion welding, pressure welding, friction welding, classification of methods, principal characteristics. 6. Arc welding: Electric arc, manual arc welding with coated electrode; principle, basic electrode characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of the process. 7. Arc welding: Submerged arc welding (APT), principle, additional materials for the APT method - wires and fluxes. 8. Methods of arc welding in a protective atmosphere: Gas metal arc welding (GMAW: MIG / MAG); Gas tungsten arc welding (TIG, WIG, GTAW); protective gases for individual methods, additional materials. 9. Defects of welded joints, their definition and admissibility assessment; Types of defects in the welded joints - cracks, cavities, non-metallic inclusions, cold joints / lack of fusion, defects in shape and dimensions; methods of defect evaluation in the welded joints. 10. Testing of welded joints: specific tests of welded joints - cross tensile tests (ČSN EN ISO 4136), longitudinal tensile tests of the weld metal (ČSN EN ISO 4178), bend tests (ČSN EN ISO 5173), impact tests (ČSN EN ISO 9016), fracture test (ČSN EN ISO 9017), tests of hardness (ČSN EN ISO 9015-1) and microhardness (ČSN EN ISO 9015-2) 11. Welding of materials for power industry - combination of steel grades, selection of welding consumables, influence of welding cycle on creep resistance of weld joints, strength factor of welded joint (SRF). 12. Structural analysis of welded joints - macrostructure, microstructure, or submicroscopic characteristics of welded joints; characterization of welded joints with respect to possible degradation sites, especially for creep degradation and corrosion, cracking of I-IV type in welded joints.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2022/2023 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 35  21
        Examination Examination 65  30 3
Mandatory attendence participation: Elaboration of assigned projects.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: Completion of all compulsory tasks within individually agreed deadlines.

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2025/2026 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry DTK P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2025/2026 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry DTK K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2024/2025 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry DTK P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2024/2025 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry DTK K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry DTK K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry DTK P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry DTK P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0719A270004) Materials and technologies for energy industry DTK K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

2023/2024 Winter
2022/2023 Winter