717-2020/01 – Physics II (FYII)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of PhysicsCredits7
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Irena Hlaváčová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Irena Hlaváčová, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semesterwinter + summer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2016/2017Year of cancellation2016/2017
Intended for the facultiesFBIIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HLA58 doc. Ing. Irena Hlaváčová, Ph.D.
HRA01 Mgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.
POL16 RNDr. Josef Poláček, CSc.
UHL72 Mgr. Radim Uhlář, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 4+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Collect the basic principles and laws of the chosen part of the classical physics Describe, clarify and interpret the particular natural phenomena Apply the simple mathematical methods for describing of the physical phenomena Illustrate obtained knowledge in the frame of the easy applications

Teaching methods



Physics II builds on the course Physics I, familiarizes students with other parts of classical physics of electricity, magnetism, optics and micro-world and emphasizes their importance for technical practice.

Compulsory literature:

1. HALLIDAY, D., RESNICK, R. WALKER, J.: Fundamentals of physics, 9th ed., extended. - Hoboken: Wiley 2011, ISBN 978-0-470-46908-8 (váz.)

Recommended literature:

2. Lesňák M.: Physics I, Ostrava 2005, Ostrava, VŠB – TU, 2005 3. Lesňák M.: Physics II, Ostrava 2005, Ostrava, VŠB – TU, 2005 4. Pekárek S., Murla M.: Physics I, Department of Physics, FEE, CTU, 1992

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

3 written credit tests during the semester and a separate solution of assigned tasks (with a point evaluation)


Other requirements



Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Content of lectures: INTRODUCTION Subject and branches of physics, physical laws, quantities and units, vector algebra, physics and solving of technical problems, physics on the FBI. MECHANICS Kinematics - the basic kinematic quantities and relations between them, linear motion, curvilinear motion, uniform and non-uniform motion. Dynamics - the force, the effects of forces, Newton's laws of motion, equation of motion, force impulse, momentum, mechanical work, kinetic and potential energy, law of conservation of mechanical energy, shear friction. Mechanics of particles and rigid bodies - torque, torque theorem, center of mass, center of gravity, parallel axis theorem, the sliding, rotational and general motion, linear-rotational parallels. OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES Mechanical oscillations - harmonic oscillations, equation of motion, displacement, amplitude, phase, phase shift, speed, power, acceleration, damped oscillations. Mechanical waves - the emergence of progressive waves, interference of waves, spreading waves in space, Huygens principle, wave energy, basics of acoustics. HYDROMECHANICS Hydrodynamics - the ideal fluid flow, continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation, application of the law of conservation of mass and energy. THERMODYNAMICS Heat, temperature, specific and molar heat capacity, calorimetric equations, linear and volume expansion agents, state variables, ideal gas law, the status change of ideal gas, basic kinetic theory of heat, three main laws of thermodynamics, work and internal energy of gas, reversible going round, efficiency of heat engines, phase transitions, phase diagram. GRAVITATIONAL FIELD Field and its physical characteristics, Newton's law of gravity, intensity and potential of the gravitational field, the work of the gravitational field forces, the motion of bodies in uniform and radial gravitational field, Kepler's laws. ELECTROSTATIC FIELD Coulomb's law, electric charge, electric field and potential, voltage, capacitance, capacitors, capacitors combinations, the electric field in matter, the polarization of dielectrics, the electric field energy. ELECTRIC CURRENT Electric current, electric current density, and the terminal electromotive force, Ohm's law, electrical resistance, resistors combinations, work and power of electric current, voltage and current laws, electric circuits calculations. MAGNETIC FIELDS Magnetic induction, Laplace law, magnetic flux, magnetic forces in the field and charge cable, charge movement in a magnetic field, the magnetic field in matter. ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS Electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law, Lenz's law, mutual and self induction, alternating current and its characteristics, AC circuits, phasor diagrams, electromagnetic oscillations and waves. OPTICS Basic concepts and laws of geometrical optics, optical projection by spherical and planar mirrors and thin lenses, interference of light, refraction of light, photometry, basic optical devices. QUANTUM PHYSICS Black body radiation, Planck's quantum hypothesis, photoelectric effect. ATOMIC PHYSICS The development of ideas about the construction of the atom, Bohr's postulates, Bohr model of hydrogen atom, the building of atomic nuclei, binding energy, nuclear reactions, nuclear energy. RADIOACTIVITY Natural and artificial radioactivity, types and properties of radiation dosimetric quantities and units, effects of ionizing radiation. EXERCISE SCHEDULE: 1st Week: Vector algebra. The calculation of kinematic parameters of linear motion. Uniform motion, uniformly accelerated motion, free fall. 2nd Week: uniform circular motion and uniformly accelerated motion. Momentum, power, pulse power equation. The movement of a particle on an inclined plane. 3rd Week: Sliding and rotating motion of rigid bodies. Moment of force. Moment of inertia. 4th Week: Mechanical work, power, energy, law of conservation of mechanical energy. 5th Week: Harmonic oscillation. Pendulum. 6th Week: Equations of progressive waves. 7th week: Continuity equation of ideal fluid flow. Bernoulli's fluid flow horizontal tube. Outflow of liquid from the container. 8th Week: Thermal expansion of substances, calorimetric equation. Internal energy, heat, work, first law of thermodynamics. Ideal gas laws. The effectiveness of heat engines. 9th Week: Electric field of point charge and point charge system, the movement of charged particles in an electric field. Capacitors. Ohm's and Kirchhoff's laws. 10th Week: magnetic induction, magnetic flux, magnetic field of conductors with current, charged particle motion in a uniform magnetic field. 11th Week: Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, AC circuits, phasor diagrams. 12th Week: Reflection and refraction of light, imaging lenses and mirrors. 13th Week: Interference. Binding energy, nuclear reactions. 14th Week: Radioactivity, dosimetry. Credit. Lectures - combined s study: 1st Kinematics: General concepts: movement, a tangible item, reference system, the relativity of movement and stillness, trajectory, distance, position vector, the instantaneous speed and instant acceleration. Classification of motion: rectilinear, curvilinear and circular motion of a particle. Graphical representation of movements. The movements of bodies in Earth's gravity field. 2nd DYNAMICS: Strength, static and dynamic effects of forces, composition of forces, momentum, impulse forces and momentum change. Newton's laws of motion, equation of motion and its applications. Forces in curvilinear motion. Inertial reference system. Work, power, mechanical energy conservation laws. 3rd MECHANICS of a rigid body: Rigid body, sliding and rotational motion, torque, torque theorem, composition of forces, gravity and physical center. Moment of inertia, parallel axis theorem, equation of motion, kinetic energy of a rotating body. The rolling movement of a body on an inclined plane. Friction. 4th Mechanical vibration: Linear oscillator damped and undamped. Equations of motion, energy, oscillatory motion. Physical and mathematical pendulum. 5th Mechanical waves: the origin and characteristics of mechanical waves, transverse and longitudinal waves, reflection waves, spreading waves in space, Huygens-Fresnel principle. Interference of waves and its conditions. Doppler effect. 6th Thermodynamics: Stocks, ideal gas equation, kinetic theory of gases, gas work, first law of thermodynamics. Circular happening and their effectiveness. 7th PHYSICAL FIELD: types of physical fields and their characteristics. Electrostatic fields: Coulomb's law, electric potential and intensity. field work force in an electrostatic field, voltage, capacity conductors, capacitors. Polarization of dielectrics. Substances in electrical current: Ohm's law, work and power, Kirchhoff's laws, Joulův - Lenz's Law. 8th MAGNETIC FIELD: magnetic force, magnetic induction, magnetic flux, the movement of charged particles in a magnetic field, Lorentz force. Straight wire with current in a magnetic field, magnetic moment. Biot - Savart - Laplace law. 9th ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS: Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, mutual and self inductance. generation and properties of alternating current, RLC - circuits, resonance. 10th OPTICS: Basic concepts and laws of geometrical optics, refraction and reflection. Young's experiment, interference and diffraction of light. Optical instruments. Topics for independent productions: Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids at rest and in motion. Ideal and real fluids. Hydrodynamics: continuity equation, Bernoulli equation, fluid discharge, a small hole. TEMPERATURE AND HEAT: Definition of heat and temperature, heat capacity, calorimetric equations, linear and volumetric thermal expansion materials. Internal energy. Gravitational field: Newton's law of gravity, intensity and potential of the gravitational field, the work force in a gravitational field. The movements of bodies in a gravitational field. QUANTUM, ATOMIC AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS: Planck's hypothesis, the photon, photoelectric effect, Compton effect. X-rays, lasers. Elementary particles. The development of ideas about the construction of the atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom, the building víceelektronových atoms. Binding energy, radioactivity, nuclear reactions.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 30  17
        Examination Examination 70 (70) 21
                řešení příkladů Written examination 15  8
                teorie Oral examination 55  6
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2016/2017 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
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Occurrence in special blocks

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