717-2510/01 – Bachelor Physics (BF)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of PhysicsCredits8
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2016/2017Year of cancellation2017/2018
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HLA57 prof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D.
HRA01 Mgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.
KUS59 doc. RNDr. Milena Kušnerová, Ph.D.
LES66 doc. Dr. Ing. Michal Lesňák
POL16 RNDr. Josef Poláček, CSc.
BEZ0059 Ing. Iva Tkáčová, Ph.D.
UHL72 Mgr. Radim Uhlář, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+3
Combined Credit and Examination 18+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Collect the basic principles and laws of the chosen part of the classical physics Describe, clarify and interpret the particular natural phenomena Apply the simple mathematical methods for describing of the physical phenomena Illustrate obtained knowledge in the frame of the easy applications

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

Particle motion mechanics. Particle systems mechanics. Rigid body mechanics. Hydromechanics. Thermal motion, electrostatic field. Magnetic field, electromagnetic field. Mechanical oscillations, electromagnetic oscillations. Mechanical wave motion, electromagnetic wave motion, optics.

Compulsory literature:

1. Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walder, J.: Fundamentals of Physics, Fifth Editon Extended, 1997, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 2. Pekárek, S., Murla, M.: Physics I, Department of Physics, FEE, CTU, Praha, 1992 3. Pekárek, S., Murla, M.: Physics II, ČVUT, Praha, 1993

Recommended literature:

Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walder, J.: Fundamentals of Physics, Fifth Editon Extended, 1997, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Active participation in seminars, including the preparation of control exams and written tests.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

TECHNICAL FIELD: Thematic unit 0th INTRODUCTION Subject of physics. Physical concepts, quantities, units. ISO 31-0. Matter, substance, physical field. Basic math operations in physics, algebraic operations and vectors, vector differentiation and integration functions. 1st MECHANICS 1.1 Kinematics of motion of a particle. Tangible fixed point. Position of a particle - reference frame, the trajectory, the track. Speed, acceleration, natural ingredients acceleration. Classification movements. The angular distance, angular velocity, angular acceleration. 1.2 Momentum of a particle. Inertia, momentum, force, impulse forces, laws of motion. Some types of forces. Newton's equation of motion. Movements in the homogeneous gravity field. Mechanical work performance. Kinetic and potential energy of a particle, gravitational potential energy. Law conservation of mechanical energy. 1.3 Mechanics of movement system of particles and rigid bodies. Tangible medium. Movements of bodies. Torque, angular momentum. Pulse sentence. Composition of forces acting on a rigid body, a pair of forces. The center of gravity, equilibrium position. Motion equations of rigid body rotating around a stationary axis. Moment of inertia. Work and performance in rotary motion. The kinetic energy of the mass. Translational and rolling movement of a body on an inclined plane. 1.4 Mechanical vibration. Harmonic oscillation. Damped oscillation damping. Pendulum. Graphical representation of the oscillating motion. Superposition of harmonic oscillations. 1.5 Mechanical waves. Successive waves. Interference of waves. Upright waves. The energy transmitted by waves. Huygens principle. Sound. 6.1 Mechanics of fluids. Ideal and real fluid. Laws of hydrostatics (Pascal's law, Archimedes' law) and hydrodynamics (equation of continuity, Bernoulli's equation) for an ideal liquid. 1.7 Gravitational field. Newton's law of gravity, gravity characteristics. field work force Gravity. field. Gravity and gravity field of the Earth moves in the field Earth. 2nd Thermal 1.2 Temperature and heat. Basic concepts of kinetic theory and thermodynamics. Temperature, temperature scale. Internal energy, work and heat, heat capacity. Calorimetric equation. The first law of thermodynamics. 2.2 Structure and properties of the gas. Ideal gas. Distribution of gas molecules according to speed. Gas pressure. Equation of state for ideal gas. The work done gas. Molar heat capacities of ideal gas. Reversible changes in the status ideal gas. A circular plot with an ideal gas. The second law of thermodynamics. 3.2 Changes to state. 3rd ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 1.3 Electrostatic field. Electric charge and its properties, characteristics of the electrostatic field. The capacity of conductors, capacitors. 2.3 Stationary electric field. Electric current, resistance, electromotive voltage. DC circuits. Work and power supply. Measurement of basic electrical quantities. 3.3 Stationary magnetic field. Characteristics and the forces acting on the charge and electric current in a magnetic field. 3.4 Non-stationary magnetic field. Electromagnetic induction, mutual and own induction. The origin and basic properties of alternating current. 4.OPTIKA 1.4 Light as electromagnetic waves. The spectrum of electromagnetic radiation. The basic properties of light. Reflection and refraction of light. Prismatic spectrum. Interference of light. Bending of light. Polarization of light. Photometry. 2.4 Quantum properties of light. Photoelectric effect, photon and properties.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester, validity until: 2017/2018 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 18
                Písemná část Written examination 30  10
                Ústní část Oral examination 37  8
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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2017/2018 (B2111) Mining (2101R013) Mining of Mineral Resources and Their Utilization K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (2102R013) Processing of Raw Materials and Recycling K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2111) Mining (2101R013) Mining of Mineral Resources and Their Utilization P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2111) Mining (2101R013) Mining of Mineral Resources and Their Utilization K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2111) Mining (2101R013) Mining of Mineral Resources and Their Utilization K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646R007) Engineering Geodesy P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646R007) Engineering Geodesy P Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646R007) Engineering Geodesy K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646R007) Engineering Geodesy K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646R001) Mining Surveying P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646R001) Mining Surveying P Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646R001) Mining Surveying K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646R001) Mining Surveying K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner