717-3901/03 – Vacuum and Cryogenic Technique (VKT)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of PhysicsCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. RNDr. Petr Hlubina, CSc.Subject version guarantordoc. RNDr. Petr Hlubina, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2016/2017Year of cancellation2017/2018
Intended for the facultiesUSPIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HLU03 doc. RNDr. Petr Hlubina, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Collect the basic principles and laws of the chosen parts of mathematics, physics, chemical physics and materials Describe, clarify and adopt the methods of vacuum generation and characterization, and fundamentals of construction of vacuum and cryogenic systems as well Illustrate obtained knowledge in solving the practice problems

Teaching methods



The subject is related to the student's knowledge of mathematics, physics, chemical physics and materials. Student will learn the methods of obtaining and evaluating vacuum, vacuum design basics and cryogenic systems, methods of maintenance and operation. The aim of the subject is to enrich the professional profile of a student who will be working as a technologist or engineer of technology in the field of nanotechnology.

Compulsory literature:

Groszkowski, J.: High Vacuum Technique (in Czech), SNTL, Prague 1980; Hrbek, J.: Vacuum and Ultravacuum Technique (in Czech), ČVUT, Prague 1984; Jelínek, J., Málek, Z.: Cryogenic technic (in Czech). Prague, 1982.

Recommended literature:

Pátý, L.: Vacuum Technique (in Czech), ČVUT, Prague 1990; Pátý, L.: Low-Pressure Physics (in Czech), Academia, Prague 1968; Umrath, W.: Fundamentals of Vacuum Technology, Cologne 1998; Chambers, A.: Modern Vacuum Physics, Chapman&Hall/CRC, Washington 2004; Weisend, J. G.: The Handbook of Cryogenic Engineering, Taylor and Francis, Philadephia 1998; Company literature: Balzers, Leybold-Heraeus, JEOL.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Two written exams.


Not available.

Other requirements

It is supposed a systematic work of a student of a Magister study.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Content focus: - Introduction: The importance and use of vacuum and cryogenic technology. Industries vacuum. - Free gases: In a static state. In the dynamic state - diffusion and effusion of gas, internal friction of gas, power transmission. Gas flow - types and characteristic quantities, vacuum conductance, pumping speed. - Bound gases: On the surface - the physical and chemical adsorption, characteristic variables. Evaporation and condensation - steam tension. Gases in solids - dissolution and diffusion of gases. - Generating Vacuum: mechanical, steam and diffusion pumps - characteristics, construction. The combination of diffusion and rotary pumps. Kryosorption pumps, sorption and ion pumps, characteristics and construction. Measurement of vacuum, absolute measuring methods. Indirect measuring methods - thermal and ionization gauges. Calibration of manometers. Measurement of partial pressures. Leaks in vacuum systems - search methods, leak detectors. - Vacuum system: Basic principles of construction of vacuum systems. Elements of a vacuum apparatus - removable and fixed links. Materials for vacuum technique. - Methods and materials of cryogenic technique: physical properties, refrigerants, gas liquefaction and storage. - Cryogenic systems: design and construction, low-temperature measurements.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester, validity until: 2017/2018 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40  20
        Examination Examination 60  11
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2017/2018 (N3942) Nanotechnology (3942T001) Nanotechnology P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner