730-0921/01 – Carbonaceous materials structure (UM)

Gurantor departmentNanotechnology centreCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Gražyna Simha Martynková, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Gražyna Simha Martynková, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2005/2006Year of cancellation2010/2011
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
SIM75 doc. Ing. Gražyna Simha Martynková, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Course graduate gets an overview in the areas of structure and characterization of carbonaceous materials. They will learn the latest trends in the use of these materials in conventional and new fields such as nanotechnology. The exercise will learn to evaluate the basic parameters of carbon materials.

Teaching methods


The subject focuses on explanation of : a) methods of structural analysis; b) real structure of diamond, graphite and other industrial carbons, c) structure of nanocarbons (fullerens, nanotubes) and caborn fibers, d) C-C composites. Cabonaceous materials applications.

Compulsory literature:

G.Simha Martynková, M.Šupová, V.Matějka, Y.Lu, Carbonaceous Materials in Composites, Repronis Ostrava, 2008, ISBN 978-80-7329-174-7

Recommended literature:

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester


Other requirements


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Carbon and carbonaceous materials, atomic structure of crystals, arranged and unordered structure. Basic concepts in the crystalline structure and amorphous solids, the basic forms of carbon, structural variability of carbonaceous materials. 2. Experimental methods of studying the structure of carbonaceous materials. Introduction X-ray analysis diffraction of solids., electron microscopy, thermal analysis and atomic force microscopy, with special regard to the analysis structure of carbonaceous materials. 3. The structure of graphite and diamond, polytypismus and structural failure. Basic concepts and definitions of polytypism of the substances Polytypes of graphite and their X-ray diffraction identification. . 4. Evaluation of structural ordering graphitic and graphizable materials. Definitions of both types of materials,crystallites Lc and La X-ray diffraction, disordered example graphene layers .Polytype and for his influence on the diffraction image. 5. Changes in the structure of carbonaceous materials during the calcination and graphitization. Effect of temperature on the structure of carbonaceous materials of various types, increasing the crystallite size Lc and La due to thermal stresses for graphitizable materials. 6. Fullerenes and fullerides, their formation and structure. Structure of fullerenes isomers, synthesis and extraction cleaning. Structure of fulerites, fulerene dimers and polymers. Endohedral, substitution and exohedral fulerides. Present and future of fullerenes applications. 7. Carbon fibers, their preparation, structure and properties. Nomenclature, structure and mechanical properties of fibers, more detailed characterization of HM, LM and IM fiber production and the structure of fibers made from PAN, production and structure fibers made from resin. 8. Nanotubular carbon. Multilayer structure and monolayer forms possible ways to collapse of graphenes, synthesis and structure of the MWNT forms in arc and SWNT forms by decomposition of gaseous hydrocarbons by catalysis on metal particles. 9. Pyrolytic carbon, its structure and preparation. Synthesis of pyrolytic carbon of gaseous precursor through a chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Microstructure and pyrolytic carbon nanostructure, its properties and thermal treatment. 10. Active carbon and soot. The structure and preparation of active carbon, the relationship structure of the macro-, meso-, and micro pores, physical and chemical activation of its properties. Classification of soot, structure, properties and mechanism of soot formation. 11. Composites based on carbon materials. Preparation and structure of composites, their properties and uses. Polymer carbon composites, metal carbon composites and carbon-carbon composites, production and use of carbon-carbon composites. 12. Coke, their structure and properties. Structure and properties of cokes different types. Porosity (macro-system, meso-and micropores), and microscopic Classification of cokes, the influence of thermal treatment on the structure of cokes. 13. Carbon electrode materials. Preparation, structure and use of electrode materials. Properties of different types of electrodes and their variability structure in relation to their use in technological processes. 14. The structure of coal. Current views on the micro-and nano-structure of coal mass depending on the degree of coalification, the chemical structure of the main components coal mass index of aromaticity.

Conditions for subject completion

Conditions for completion are defined only for particular subject version and form of study

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2010/2011 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner