9360-0149/01 – Fundamentals of biology and ecology (ZBE)

Gurantor departmentCNT - Nanotechnology CentreCredits2
Subject guarantorMgr. Oldřich Motyka, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorMgr. Oldřich Motyka, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type A
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
MOT127 Mgr. Oldřich Motyka, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 2+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Students can define fundamental concepts in the fields of biology and ecology relevant to the field of their study – nanotechnology, they are able to distinguish between the structure of animal and plant cells and have understanding of the fundamental taxonomic classification and phylogeny of plants and animals. Students are able to explain the differences between these groups of organisms in terms of their physiology as well as its importance in assessment of the impact nanotechnology can have on the environment. They are able to describe the interactions between organisms and between organisms and their environment and choose proper way of quantification and analysis of the nanotechnology-induced changes in the environment.

Teaching methods



Subject is focused on introduction to the fundamental terms, definitions and concepts of biology and ecology relevant to the studied field of nanotechnology. Students are acquianted with the structure of animal and plant cells as well as with the fundamental taxonomic classification of animals and plants. Special attention is paid to different physiology of these groups of organisms. The subject includes an introduction to genetics and ecology while, in the case of ecology, most of the lectures are focused on the application of ecological principals in the study of nanotechnology. Students gain knowledge on all kinds of interactions between organisms and between organisms and their environment as well as on the possibilities of quantification and analyses of the environmental changes.

Compulsory literature:

BEGON, Michael, John L. HARPER a Colin R. TOWNSEND, 2005. Ecology: From Individuals to Ecosystems, 4th Edition. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub. ISBN 978-1-405-11117-1. TOWNSEND, Colin R., Michael BEGON and John L. HARPER, 2008. Essentials of ecology. 3rd ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub. ISBN 978-1405156585. MILLER, Stephen A a John P HARLEY, 2016. Zoology. Tenth edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education. ISBN 978-0077837273. RAVEN, Peter H, Ray Franklin EVERT a Susan E EICHHORN, 2013. Biology of plants. Eighth edition. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company Publishers. ISBN 978-142-9219-617.

Recommended literature:

TAIZ, Lincoln. a Eduardo. ZEIGER, 2006. Plant physiology. 4th ed. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates. ISBN 08-789-3856-7. WILLMER, Pat, G. STONE a Ian A. JOHNSTON, 2000. Environmental physiology of animals. Malden, MA: Blackwell Science. ISBN 06-320-3517-X.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Written and oral exam.



Other requirements

Submitting a report on a given topic


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Fundamental definitions of biology and ecology: biology and ecology as natural sciences. Brief history of biology and ecology, definition of life 2. Cell: cell structure, differences between plant and animal cell, cell wall, cell membrane, organelles 3. Animals: basic taxonomic classification, evolution, protostomes and deuterostomes, invertebrates and vertebrates 4. Plants: basic taxonomic classification, evolution, non-vascular and vascular plants, gymnosperms and angiosperms, monocots and dicotyledons 5. Animal physiology: physiology of the animal cell, metabolism, thermoregulation, breathing 6. Plant physiology: physiology of the plant cell, metabolism, uptake, transport and excretion of water and nutrients, photosynthesis 7. Essentials of genetics: genes and alleles, Mendel’s laws, heredity, molecular basis of heredity, mutations, replication and transcription 8. Ecology: disciplines of ecology, ecology according to the object of the research, related life sciences, ecology as mathematical biology 9. Ecology: biogeochemical cycles, water, oxygen and carbon cycles, food chains – producers, consumers and decomposers, grazing food chain, detritus food chain, parasitic food chain 10. Ecology: Interaction between the organisms and their environment – fundamental terms and definitions, ecological valence, environmental conditions affecting the organism – biotic and abiotic 11. Ecology: interspecific and intraspecific interactions – neutralism, protocooperation, commensalism, mutualism, amensalism, competition, predation, parasitism; territoriality, same-species groups of organisms 12. Ecology: essentials of ethology and behavioural ecology – terms and concepts, sociality, altruism, innate behaviour, learning 13. Ecology: environmental change assessment, monitoring of the environment, bioindication, biomonitoring 14. Revision

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Attendance at the lectures. 80 % at minimum.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0719A270002) Nanotechnology CH2 P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type A study plan
2020/2021 (N0719A270002) Nanotechnology CH2 P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type A study plan
2019/2020 (N0719A270002) Nanotechnology CH2 P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type A study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner