9360-0180/01 – Solid State Chemistry (CHPL)

Gurantor departmentCNT - Nanotechnology CentreCredits3
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Jonáš Tokarský, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Jonáš Tokarský, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
TOK006 doc. Ing. Jonáš Tokarský, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+1

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student will be able to: classify and characterize solids based on the basis of chemical bonds, structure and properties, classify types of defects in solids and discuss elastic and plastic deformation, demonstrate solids suitable for specific applications in nanotechnologies, discuss and interpret X-ray diffraction patterns of solids, classify basic elements of symmetry and their combinations compatible with translational periodicity and demonstrate them on structures of solids, characterize the basic concepts of nucleation and phase transitions, classify and demonstrate basic types of solid phase reactions.

Teaching methods



Student is acquainted with basic chapters of solid phase chemistry. On the basis of previous knowledge in chemistry, physics and mathematics, the knowledge of the student in the field of structure and properties of crystalline and amorphous solids is further deepened. Besides the classification of solids, emphasis is placed mainly on acquiring the knowledge needed in material research. Therefore, the specific applications of solids in nanotechnologies are demonstrated and lectures are supplemented not only by examples from contemporary scientific literature, but also from scientific practice.

Compulsory literature:

MOORE, W. J. Physical Chemistry. 4th ed. London: Longmans, 1963, 884 p. WEST, A. R. Solid state chemistry and its applications. 2nd ed. Chichester: Wiley, 2014, 556 p. ISBN 978-1-119-94294-8. SMART, L. and E. A. MOORE. Solid state chemistry: an introduction. London: Chapman & Hall, 1992, 292 p. ISBN 0-412-40040-5.

Recommended literature:

CHEETHAM, A. K. and P. DAY. Solid state chemistry: compounds. 1st ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992, 306 p. ISBN 0-19-855166-5.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Combined oral and written form. The study results are verified continuously in the exercises and on the basis of elaboration of two individual tasks - practical examples from the subject. Semester is completed by credit test (minimum passing score is 50 %). Exam consists of a written and oral part.


Other requirements

In addition to attendance in exercises, a separate elaboration of two tasks - practical examples from the subject - is required during the semester.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. After initial introduction to problematics of chemical bonds and electronegativity, the solid phase characteristics, the basic division of solids and the division of crystals are presented. Attention is paid to the crystal lattices and lattice parameters. 2. Ionic crystals, their structure and properties are presented as the first type of crystal structures. Attention is paid to lattice energy, the Born-Haber cycle and the Madelung constant. 3. Covalent crystals, their structure and properties are presented as the second type of crystal structures. Transition between ionic and covalent bonds is presented. Metallic crystals, their structure and properties are presented as the third type of crystal structures. 4. After initial introduction to Lennard-Jones potential and hydrogen bonds, van der Waals crystals and crystals based on hydrogen bonds are presented. Difference between homodesmic and heterodesmic structures is explained. Attention is paid to polymorphism. 5. After initial introduction to definition and division of defects in crystal structures, attention is paid to point defects, including examples of practical applications, and to line defects. The basics of elastic and plastic deformation of solids are discussed. 6. Based on the previous topic, two-dimensional defects, volume defects and layer disorders, including examples of types of disorders, are presented. Further, attention is paid to natural layered structures and their use. Principles of intercalation are explained. 7. Description of atomic planes using Miller indices is explained and practical examples are included. The historical calculation of the size of the crystal cell using density is used to explain the interplanar distance. Bragg’s equation is introduced and derived. 8. The role of X-ray diffraction analysis in characterization of solids is discussed, including practical examples. The relationship between lattice parameters, Miller indices, and interplanar distance is shown. 9. After explanation of the concept of symmetry, its basic elements compatible with the translational periodicity are discussed, including practical examples. Evidence of the limited number of n-fold rotational axes is provided. Attention is also paid to quasicrystals and their classification among crystal structures. 10. Based on the previous topic, the combination of the symmetry elements and the corresponding transformation matrices are presented and discussed. Further, attention is paid to planar and space groups. 11. After initial definition of mesophase, types of liquid crystals are presented according to their origin and internal structure. Further, attention is paid to the properties and use of liquid crystals. 12. Amorphous solid phase, namely glasses, their structure and properties are presented together with methods of preparation and the criteria of glass formation. Attention is paid also to phase transition. 13. Models of crystal growth are presented. Chemical reactions in the solid phase are presented. 14. The test.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40  20
        Examination Examination 60  31
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Attendance in lectures is not compulsory. Attendance in exercises is compulsory.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (B0719A270001) Nanotechnology FCH P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0719A270001) Nanotechnology FCH P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0719A270001) Nanotechnology FCH P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner