9360-0183/02 – Nanomaterials and Environment (NZP)

Gurantor departmentCNT - Nanotechnology CentreCredits2
Subject guarantorMgr. Oldřich Motyka, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorMgr. Oldřich Motyka, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
MOT127 Mgr. Oldřich Motyka, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 2+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Students can define fundamental concepts in the nanomaterial-environment relationship field, they are able to describe the ways of nanomaterial leakage to particular ecospheres and to distinguish the impact of such a leakage in various ecosystems. Students can choose proper methods of nanoparticle presence and concentration measurements in typical situations, to outline the impact of selected nanomaterials on organisms and human health. Moreover, they can explain the importance and ways of prevention and removal of nano-pollution and, generally, to evaluate the benefits and risks of nanomaterial application in the environmental protection.

Teaching methods

Lectures

Summary

The subject focuses on all the aspects of nanomaterial production and application impacting the environment. Characteristics of the nanomaterials problematic in terms of their presence in the environment are introduced, and the ways of their leaking to water, soil and air, as well as their life cycle and specifics of their presence the main ecospheres, are discussed. Students are introduced to the methods of monitoring of the engineered nanoparticle presence in the environment, possibilities of assessments of their toxicity and risks they pose to the particular groups of organisms as well as human health. Attention is given to the prevention of the nanomaterial pollution, removal of this pollution and environmental technology applications of the nanomaterials.

Compulsory literature:

SHATKIN, Jo Anne. Nanotechnology: health and environmental risks. Second edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2013. ISBN 978-1439881750; SIDDIQUI, Manzer H., Mohamed H. AL-WHAIBI and Firoz MOHAMMAD, ed. Nanotechnology and plant sciences. First edition. New York, NY: Springer International Publishing, 2015. ISBN 978-3-319-14501-3. KOLE, Chittaranjan, D. Sakthi KUMAR and Mariya V. KHODAKOVSKAYA, ed. Plant Nanotechnology: Principles and Practices. First edition. New York, NY: Springer International Publishing, 2016. ISBN 978-3-319-42152-0.

Recommended literature:

TIQUIA-ARASHIRO, Sonia M. and Debora FRIGI RODRIGUES, ed. Extremophiles: Applications in Nanotechnology. New York, NY: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016. ISBN 978-3-319-45214-2; PRASAD, Ram, Vivek KUMAR and Manoj KUMAR, ed. Nanotechnology: Food and Environmental Paradigm. Springer Singapore, 2017. ISBN 978-981-10-4677-3; RAI, Mahendra a Nelson DURAN, ed. Metal nanoparticles in microbiology. Heidelberg: Springer, 2011. ISBN 978-364-2183-119; HURST PETROSKO, Sarah and Emily S. DAY. Biomedical nanotechnology: methods and protocols. Second edition. New York: Humana Press, 2017. Springer protocols (Series), 1570. ISBN 978-1-4939-6838-1;

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Written and oral exam.

E-learning

Other requirements

Submitting a report on given topic.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Specifics of nanomaterials regarding the environment: Presence in the environment, naturally-occurring and anthropogenic nanomaterials, mechanical and chemical properties of nanomaterials with impact on the environment. 2. Nanomaterials in the environment: Hydrosphere, basic definitions, hydrosphere in the context of other ecospheres, specifics of threat to water ecosystems and their protection. Leakage of the nanomaterials into the water environment and its risks. 3. Nanomaterials in the environment: Pedosphere, basic definitions, pedosphere in the context of other ecospheres, specifics of thethreat to soil ecosystems and their protection. Leakage of the nanomaterials into the soil environment and its risks. 4. Nanomaterials in the environment: Atmosphere, basic definitions, atmosphere in the context of other ecospheres, specifics of the threat to the atmosphere and its protection. Leakage of the nanomaterials into the air and its risks. 5. Monitoring: Technical monitoring, overview of the basic tools for concentration and size measurement in water and air. Measurement of nanomaterial worker exposure. 6. Monitoring: Biomonitoring, bioindication, active and passive biomonitoring, temporal and spatial scale of biomonitoring, biomonitoring using plants, animals and other organisms, nanoparticle biomonitoring. 7. Toxicity assessment: Exposure, dose, oxidative stress, genotoxicity and ecotoxicity testing, LD50, teratogenicity, reproductive toxicity, carcinogenicity. Methods of toxicity assessment. 8. Nanomaterial risks to autotrophic organisms: Uptake of the nanoparticles – root and shoot, nanomaterial distribution and translocation in the organism, known ecotoxicity and genotoxicity of nanomaterials to plants, physiological stress, effect on photosynthesis. 9. Nanomaterial risks to heterotrophic organisms: Uptake of the nanoparticles: body surface, digestion, inhalation, nanomaterial distribution and translocation in the organism, known ecotoxicity and genotoxicity of nanomaterials to heterotrophic organisms, effect on behaviour. 10. Nanomaterial risks to human health: Uptake of the nanoparticles: digestive system, skin, respiration system, acute and chronic toxicity. Systemic and local toxicity of the nanomaterials. 11. Nanomaterial pollution prevention: Overview of the fundamental legislation, production leakage prevention, best available techniques (BAT), reduction of nanomaterials by-products, filters. 12. Environmental pollution removal: decontamination, remediation, pollution removal from water, soil and air. Specifics of nano-pollution removal. 13. Environmental applications of nanomaterials: Benefits and risks of nanomaterial application in the environment, sorption, catalytic nanomaterials, treatment of water, soil and air, possibilities of nanomaterial applications in the environmental protection in the future. 14. Revision.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Attendance at the lectures. 80 % at minimum.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2020/2021 (B0719A270002) Nanotechnology P English Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0719A270002) Nanotechnology P English Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
FMT+9360 2020/2021 Full-time English Optional 600 - Faculty of Materials Science and Technology - Dean's Office stu. block
FMT-new subjects 2019/2020 Full-time English Optional 600 - Faculty of Materials Science and Technology - Dean's Office stu. block